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Home / Blog / What are the testing standards for food contact materials?
What are the testing standards for food contact materials? June 22,2021.

Food contact materials are very common in our daily lives, such as common food packaging bags, food wrappers, pots, bowls, ladles, pots, chopsticks, etc., because these items are in direct contact with the food we eat Therefore, whether they are safe or not is directly related to our health. Therefore, in order to ensure that these products do not cause harm to our human body, countries hereby specify their own food contact material testing regulations.

The food contact material regulations that are generally more frequently contacted are our China's own food contact material regulations GB4806. Other well-known ones are the US FDA, the EU EC 1935/2004, the German LFGB, the French DGCCRF, the Japanese JFSL 370, and the Italian DM21/03/ 73. British SI 898 and so on.

Let's take the three regulations of China food contact material testing, EU food contact material testing and US food contact material testing as examples to explain in detail the items tested in food contact material testing and the specifics of various types of food contact materials. Testing regulations.




Food contact material testing items

1. Conventional items

Sensory requirements

Total migration

Potassium permanganate consumption

Heavy metals (calculated as Pb)

2. Specific migration

Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), arsenic (As), antimony (Sb), zinc (Zn) and other heavy metals migration; formaldehyde, phenol, aromatic amine, vinyl chloride, partial Migration/residual amount of ethylene dichloride, styrene, acrylonitrile, caprolactam, bisphenol A, plasticizer (phthalate: DEHP, DINP, DNOP, DBP, DMP, DEP), etc.

3. Microbiological indicators

Coliform

Pathogenic bacteria (Shigella/Salmonella/Staphylococcus aureus/Streptococcus hemolyticus)

Mold

4. Other items

Fluorescent substance

Decolorization test

Loss on drying

Burning residue


Food contact material testing standards

China

A. General safety requirements

GB 4806.1-2016 National Food Safety Standard General Safety Requirements for Food Contact Materials and Products

B. Rubber

GB 4806.11-2016 National Food Safety Standard Food Contact Rubber Materials and Products

GB 4806.2-2015 National Food Safety Standard Pacifier

C. Paint

GB 4806.10-2016 National Food Safety Standard Paints and Coatings for Food Contact

D. Glass

GB 4806.5-2016 National Food Safety Standard Glass Products

E. Ceramic/Enamel

GB 4806.4-2016 National Food Safety Standard Ceramic Products

GB 4806.3-2016 National Food Safety Standard Enamel Products

F. Plastic

GB 4806.7-2016 National Food Safety Standard Plastic Materials and Products for Food Contact

GB 4806.6-2016 National Food Safety Standard Plastic Resin for Food Contact

G. Metals and alloys

GB 4806.9-2016 National Food Safety Standard Food Contact Metal Materials and Products

H. Paper

GB 4806.8-2016 National Food Safety Standard Food Contact Paper and Cardboard Materials and Products


European Union

A. Plastic

2011/10/EU: EN 1186; EN 13130; DIN 55610; EN 14372; EN 13130;

No321/2011: EN 13130;

2011/10/EU: EN 13130;

(EU)No1282/2011: EN 13130;

2011/10/EU: EN 13130;

B. Enamel/Glass/Ceramics

84/500/EEC; 2005/31/EC;

C. Silica gel

AP 2004-5:: EN 1186

D. Organic coating

AP 2004-1: EN 1186

E. Rubber

AP 2004-4: EN 1186; EN 12868; DIN 55610;

F. Aluminum/aluminum alloy

EN 601; EN 602

G. All kinds of stainless steel/iron products/metal/alloy/plated products

CM/RES (2013)9:


United States

1. Polypropylene (PP)

21 CFR 177.1520

2. Polyethylene (PE)

21 CFR 177.1520

3. Rubber, silicone, TPR

21 CFR 177.2600

4. Polycarbonate (PC)

21 CFR 177.1580

5. Acrylonitrile/styrene polymer (AS)

21 CFR 177.1040

6. Polystyrene (PS)

21 CFR 177.1640

7. Styrene inlay

21 CFR 177.1810

8. Acrylic resin

21 CFR 177.1810

9. Acrylic acid-ethylene copolymer (SMMA)

21 CFR 181.32&21 CFR 180.22

10. Food container lid with sealing gasket

21 CFR 177.1210

11. Resin and polymer coating

21 CFR 175.300

12. Paper and cardboard

21 CFR 176.170

13. Melamine resin

21 CFR 177.1460

14. Nylon

21 CFR 177.1500

15. Homo-polyoxymethylene (POM)

21 CFR 177.2470

17. Copolyoxymethylene (POM)

21 CFR 177.2480

18. Polysulfone resin

21 CFR 177.1655

19. Urea-formaldehyde resin

21 CFR 177.1900

20. Ceramics and glass products

FDA CPG 7117.06.07/A.O.A.C.15.Ed. (973.32)

21. Enamel cookware

FDA CPG 7117.06.07/A.O.A.C.15.Ed. (984.19)

22. Silver plated tableware

FDA CPG 7117.05

23. Cup side test

U.S. SGCD & CSC ASTM C- 927 (Rim-Area)

24. Food contact parts inside ceramic and glass containers

California 65

25. External decoration of ceramic and glass products

California 65

26. Stainless steel and metal

21 CFR 175.300

27. Phenolic resin

21 CFR 175.2410

28. Vinyl chloride and ethylene copolymer

21 CFR 175.1950

29. Wood products

21 CFR 175.3800

ZF1800 Full-automatic Total Migration Tester

GBPI's new generation of fully automatic and high-efficiency ZF1800 Full-automatic Total Migration Tester can be widely used in the measurement of migration of various food contact materials and products, and the determination of non-volatile matter in pharmaceuticals and food packaging materials.Specific materials include various food utensils and packaging films made of polyethylene, polystyrene, polypropylene, and perchloroethylene resin. The equipment meets the requirements for the determination of the "total migration" in food contact and materials and products in the latest national standards of the food industry.

Guangzhou Biaoji Packaging Equipment Co., Ltd.t (brand: GBPI) is a world-renowned manufacturer of packaging material testing instruments . Packaging testing instruments include pharmaceutical packaging testing instruments, packaging material testing instruments, leakage tester , etc., and are committed to R&D and sales of packaging testing equipment, providing comprehensive and professional one-stop solutions for customers in the fields of packaging, food, medicine, daily chemicals, printing, automobiles, and new energy.


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